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Swiss emissions trading scheme

Large, energy-intensive companies are required to participate in emissions trading, while medium-sized companies may voluntarily participate in the emissions trading scheme (ETS).

The ETS is based on the cap and trade principle, which means that it predetermines a limit or "cap" on the quantity of available emission allowances. This cap is lowered every year. Emission allowances are issued every year to the companies participating in the ETS (ETS companies) and can be traded.

ETS companies are exempt from the CO2 tax.

Participation in the emissions trading scheme and registration deadlines -

Large emitters are required to participate in the ETS, while medium-sized companies may voluntarily participate in it. In general, mandatory participation starts at 20 MW of installed capacity and voluntary participation at 10 MW.

ETS caps and reduction path -

The FOEN predetermines the quantity of available emission allowances based on a cap. This cap is lowered every year.

Emission allowances issued for free (benchmark approach) -

Only the quantity of emission allowances required for CO2-efficient operations are issued for free to companies participating in the emissions ETS. This quantity is calculated on the basis of benchmarks.

Emission allowance auctions -

Emission allowances that are not issued for free are auctioned off by the FOEN via the national Emissions Trading Registry. Auctions may be carried out several times a year.

Monitoring by companies in the emission trading system -

Under the CO2 Act, ETS companies must report their emissions annually. These are recorded in a monitoring system. The FOEN may require that the monitoring reports be verified by an independent third party.

Counting foreign certificates

To offset their emissions, ETS companies are allowed to count a limited number of certificates from projects carried out abroad, provided they are issued according to the rules of the Kyoto Protocol and meet specific quality criteria.


Contact: emissions-trading@bafu.admin.ch
Last updated on: 21.02.2014

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Aids to enforcement

Emissionshandelssystem EHS - Ein Modul der Mitteilung des BAFU als Vollzugsbehörde zur CO2-Verordnung. Aktualisierte Version. 2014

Fact sheet

 PDF

(in German)
01.12.2012 | 281 kB | PDF

Emissions Trading

BEKB OTC-X: CO2-Emissionsrecht CHU2 (externer Link, neues Fenster)  - Emissions Trading Platform of the BEKB | BCBE

Studies

 PDF

(in German) Analyse mit einem Mehrländer-Gleichgewichtsmodell. Studie im Auftrag des BAFU
09.09.2010 | 424 kB | PDF
 PDF

(in German) Schlussbericht First Climate (Schweiz) AG und Econability. Im Auftrag von BAFU und SECO
09.09.2009 | 1363 kB | PDF
 PDF

Analyse der volkswirtschaftlichen Auswirkungen mit Hilfe eines allgemeinen Mehrländer-Gleichgewichtsmodell. Studie im Auftrag des BAFU
17.09.2008 | 623 kB | PDF

Further information



http://www.bafu.admin.ch/emissionshandel/05545/index.html?lang=en