Indicator biodiversity

Area reserved for promoting biodiversity

Extensively farmed areas like meadows and pastures, bedding meadows, coppices and fallow strips sown with wild flowers qualify as area reserved for promoting biodiversity. Areas reserved for promoting biodiversity offer animals and plants niches for survival in agricultural areas. They contribute to the conservation of species diversity in that they enable threatened species to spread again. They also increase landscape diversity and conserve elements of the historic cultural landscape.

Farmers can claim direct payments for these areas if they account for at least 7% of the agriculturally productive area. They can also claim additional quality-based contributions for areas reserved for promoting biodiversity, on which certain indicator plants grow. Further measures for the promotion of biodiversity in agricultural area include habitat connectivity projects.

Assessment of the state
poor poor
Assessment of the trend
positive positive
 QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2022: 78.1 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2022: 95.5  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2021: 75.84 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2021: 96.53  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2020: 73.8 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2020: 96.62  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2019: 71.41 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2019: 96.99  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2018: 69.13 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2018: 97.47  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2017: 66.22 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2017: 98.98  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2016: 61.25 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2016: 103.05  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2015: 56.58 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2015: 104.52  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2014: 51.86 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2014: 102.04  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2013: 43.04 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2013: 98.46  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2012: 40.06 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2012: 94.24  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2011: 35.45 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2011: 94.45  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2010: 33.45 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2010: 91.75  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2009: 30.69 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2009: 92.01  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2008: 28.84 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2008: 93.56  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2007: 25.16 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2007: 95.64  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2006: 24.49 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2006: 95.31  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2005: 28.66 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2005: 88.64  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2004: 26.18 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2004: 89.82  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2003: 23.92 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2003: 92.48  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2002: 12.92 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2002: 101.88  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2001: 1.56 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2001: 110.14 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2000: 110.4 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1999: 107.2 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1998: 89 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1997: 85.9 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1996: 74.9 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1995: 58.7 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1994: 54.7 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1993: 19.3
Biodiversity priority areas (before 1999: only areas entitled to contributions)

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: Federal Office for Agriculture : Agricultural Report
Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2022: 16.7 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2021: 16.5 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2020: 16.3 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2019: 16.1 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2018: 15.9 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2017: 15.8 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2016: 15.7 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2015: 15.3 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2014: 14.6 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2013: 13.5 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2012: 12.8 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2011: 12.3 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2010: 11.9 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2009: 11.6 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2008: 11.6 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2007: 11.4 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2006: 11.2 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2005: 11 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2004: 10.9 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2003: 10.9 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2002: 10.7 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2001: 10.4 Percentage of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions) reserved for promoting biodiversity 2000: 10.3

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: Federal Office for Agriculture : Agricultural Report
Comment

While the area reserved for promoting biodiversity (up to 2012: ecological compensation areas) barely increased in size between 2000 and 2010, they have been growing at a satisfactory rate since 2011. In 2022,  they accounted for an average of 16,7% of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions).

However, certain regions show fairly large deficiencies, especially in the buffer strips around protected natural zones. Furthermore, most of the areas reserved for promoting biodiversity do not yet have the ecological quality required or have not yet been established at the appropriate place. There are also deficiencies in the connectivity of the areas. The proportion of areas reserved for promoting biodiversity with quality level II and interconnected areas reserved for promoting biodiversity continues to grow but still remains low. They make up only around 1% of the lands where crop rotation is practised.  To enable the re-establishment of threatened species and prevent the loss of species, efforts must be continued and additional measures implemented.

Method

The data from the agricultural operations are surveyed jointly by the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG) and the Federal Statistical Office (FSO). The data on the areas reserved for promoting biodiversity (former biodiversity compensation areas in accordance with the new Agriculture Policy for 2014-2017) are recorded in the process. The survey is based on standardised forms, which must be completed by farmers. Their responses, which relate to the deadline in early May, are checked by the federal authorities and cantons and managed in the FOAG’s central database.

Basis for assessment of the trend
Targeted trend Initial value Final value Variation in % Observed trend Assessment
Growth Average 2000-2002 Average 2020-2022 53.28% Growth positive
 
Last updated on: 21.06.2024

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