Perceived landscape quality in the living environment
Landscape quality in living environments is subject to numerous demands. Landscapes not only have to be beautiful and restful (see also the “Perceived beauty of the landscape” indicator), but must also allow people to come together, play sports and enjoy other hobbies. That is why suitable facilities that are both attractive and easily accessible, such as walking paths and sports venues, are so important. In addition, the character of a place contributes to the quality of the landscape. Beautiful, properly structured places that allow enough space for nature create a feeling of identity and connection (“connection to place”).
51% of the respondents were satisfied (ratings 7 to 9) with the “perceived quality of the landscape in the living environment”, while 31% indicated that they were very satisfied (rating 10). Another 13% were neutral (rating 4 to 6), and 5% were dissatisfied (ratings 0 to 3). The specific aspects (cf. Method) that received the highest rating were "peace and relaxation”. The “privacy" and "suitable roads and access" (good conditions for motorised individual transport) aspects were rated highest, which means that people who seek peace in their living environment like to live in well-developed residential areas that afford enough privacy. There was a great deal of variation when it came to "continuity and identity": Elements that create a relationship with nature – such as places for walking – were rated much more important than landscape elements that establish a cultural connection to the past (e.g. recognisable city centre).
Overall, the landscape quality was rated highest in the Western Central Alps and lowest in Ticino. The specific aspects were also rated much more negatively in the Southern Alps than in all other regions.
The indicator is not internationally comparable.
The data come from a representative survey on perceptions of the landscape in Switzerland, in which 2,814 people participated. To evaluate the quality of the landscape in the living environment, respondents had to rate how satisfied they were in general with the landscape in their living environment on a scale of 0 (low) to 10 (high). In addition, they rated the following aspects:
- Peace and relaxation
- Variation and stimulation
- Identity and continuity
- Access to local recreation
The survey was conducted by the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL) as part of the “Landscape Monitoring Switzerland” (LABES) project.