The legal bases for monitoring genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the environment can be found in the Release Ordinance (RO, SR 814.911) and various sections of the Containment Ordinance (ContainO, SR814.912).
Legal bases and practical recommendations for handling genetically modified organisms in the environment
The most important legal provisions concerning GMO monitoring are the following:
The FOEN ensures the establishment of a monitoring system:
The FOEN carries out surveys:
The cantons prescribe control measures for GMOs and measures to prevent their future occurrence. The FOEN coordinates the control measures:
Public nature of the information:
The containment obligation for genetically modified organisms. The cantons monitor compliance with the duty of care:
Federal and cantonal experts drew on many years of experience in establishing the GMO monitoring concept to prepare the following documents, which discuss the monitoring of genetically modified rapeseed, as well as sampling of rapeseed and lucerne. These documents are primarily intended for cantonal authorities.
Bekämpfung von gentechnisch verändertem Raps (PDF, 394 kB, 24.10.2014)available in german only
SOP Probenahme LUZERNE für Laboranalyse (PDF, 959 kB, 02.02.2018)available in german and french only
Technical Report: Monitoring of Spontaneous Populations of Genetically Modified Plant Species in the Environment (PDF, 3 MB, 29.05.2019)Prepared for the Joint EPA ENCA Interest Group on Genetically Modified Organisms (IG GMO)
Monitoring of genetically modified organisms (PDF, 1 MB, 21.04.2011)A joint policy paper by BfN (Germany), FOEN (Switzerland) and EAA (Austria)
Umweltmonitoring gentechnisch veränderter Pflanzen in der Schweiz: Erarbeitung konzeptioneller Grundlagen (PDF, 1 MB, 01.01.2004)Eidg. Forschungsanstalt für Agrarökologie und Landbau (FAL) Reckenholz Zürich. Im Auftrag des BAFU
Last modification 02.07.2019