Phenols (as total C)

CAS Number

108-95-2

Properties

  • compounds consisting of one aromatic ring and one or more alcohol groups, and possibly other functional groups (e.g. nitro groups)
  • weak acids, form phenolate in the presence of bases
  • vary according to compound
  • phenol: white crystals

Main sources

  • industrial waste water
  • secondary product in the process of turning black coal to coke
  • precursor for synthetic resins (phenoplast), plastics, dyes, pharmaceuticals and pesticides
  • disinfectant

Thresholds for the reporting requirement of facilities in accordance with Annex 2 PRTRO

(Ordinance on the Register relating to Pollutant Release and the Transfer of Waste and of Pollutants in Waste Water)

  • Air                -
  • Water          20 kg/year
  • Soil              20 kg/year

Impacts

  • very toxic to aquatic organisms
  • affect the taste of water and fish
  • suspected hormonally active effect
  • low degree of biodegradability; widely dispersed in nature (plants, animals, humans)
  • phenol: toxic, carcinogenic, caustic

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    Last modification 16.12.2016

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