Unter the UN Climate Change Convention, countries can use market mechanisms to count emission reductions achieved abroad towards their emission reduction targets. Under the Kyoto Protocol, these are the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI) until 2020. The Paris Agreement, which governs international climate policy from 2021, provides new approaches that Switzerland intends to test with pilot projects.
Flexibility mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol (until 2020)
New approaches in accordance with the Paris Agreement (from 2021)
Quality requirements for certificates
In Switzerland, under the current CO2 Act and to a limited extent only certificates issued according to the international procedures of the UN Framework Convention on Climate and its Kyoto Protocol can be counted towards fulfilling the emitter's commitments. These include
- “Certified Emission Reductions” (CERs) from projects of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM, Art. 12 Kyoto Protocol) and
- “Emission Reduction Units” (ERUs) resulting from Joint Implementation projects (JI, Art. 6 Kyoto Protocol).
These certificates must also meet the quality requirements of Annex 2 of the CO2 Ordinance
Last modification 28.09.2018