Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions achieved in emissions-reduction projects and programmes (CO2 compensation) in Switzerland can receive attestation and be used to compensate for emissions.
Just like international projects, compensation projects and programmes in Switzerland must follow a specific procedure. The critical step in this procedure is to demonstrate that the reductions are additional and would have not been achieved without the project/programme.
Those obliged to compensate can initiate projects themselves. For this they will receive no attestations, but rather the emission reductions will be credited to them directly. Trading these emission reductions is not possible.
The CO2 Act and the associated CO2 Ordinance form the legal basis for the implementation of CO2 compensation in Switzerland. The FOEN in conjunction with the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) has drawn up recommendations on implementing these new legal provisions and these are presented in the implementation notice on Projects to reduce emissions in Switzerland (available in German; translations into French and Italian will be available soon). This implementation notice has been revised and clarified in the context of the revision of the CO2 Ordinance on 1 December 2014.
Registered compensation projects in Switzerland
Registered compensation projects approved by the FOEN and the SFOE.
An overview of the compensation projects already registered by the FOEN, including project documentation, is available here:
List of rejected or withdrawn compensation projects
An overview of the compensation projects rejected or withdrawn, including project documentation, is available here:
The FOEN issues attestations for reductions achieved in Switzerland. The attestations may be sold to companies that are required to compensate for their emissions, e.g., such as a fossil fuel thermal power plant or a fuel importer. Attestations are not internationally recognized and are therefore not fungible with Kyoto certificates.
Attestations are issued and traded in the Emissions Trading Registry. Attestations (CHA) cannot be traded outside Switzerland and are reserved to be used exclusively by companies obliged to compensate.
Information regarding opening an account in the Emissions Trading Registry can be found here:
Eligible types of projects
Projects in the following categories are eligible:
- Energy-efficiency (in terms of supply and demand)
- Renewable energies
- Mobility management
- Wood products
- Biofuels with high quality standards
Projects that reduce emissions of methane, nitrous oxide or fluorinated gases are also eligible.
The list of allowable project types can be continuously updated as needed.
Small projects can be bundled and viewed jointly.
Projects can also be carried out as programmes. These programmes include several projects that have a common purpose.
Projects which are not permitted include projects and programmes in the fields of nuclear energy, forestry, those involving CO2 storage in geologic sequestration sites, conversion from petrol- or diesel-driven vehicles to natural gas-driven vehicles (with the exception of vehicle fleets), conversion from oil-fired heating systems to gas-fired heating systems, indirect emissions reduction by means of research and development and information and advisory services.
Implementation of projects / programmes
Information on the process of implementing projects and programmes as well as formats for preparing project / programme documentation is available here:
Approved validators and verifiers
Information regarding validators and verifiers currently approved by the FOEN and regarding the requirements for approval can be found here:
Standardisierung des Wirkungsnachweises bei Kompensationsprojekten und -programmen (PDF, 926 kB, 13.07.2017)Teil A: Analyse und Beurteilung. Studie im Auftrag des BAFU
Standardisierung des Wirkungsnachweises bei Kompensationsprojekten und -programmen (PDF, 840 kB, 12.07.2017)Teil B: Standardmethodik des Wirkungsnachweises für die effiziente Regelung von Heizung und Warmwasserbereitstellung in bestehenden Wohnbauten. Studie im Auftrag des BAFU
Konzept «Positivliste für Kompensationsprojekte im Bereich Fernwärme» (PDF, 838 kB, 13.02.2017)(in German) econcept mit Durena, im Auftrag des BAFU
Evaluation des Instruments «Kompensationspflicht» (PDF, 251 kB, 27.01.2016)(in German or French) evaluanda, im Aufrag des BAFU
Heizsysteme: Entwicklung der Marktanteile 2003 - 2016 (PDF, 916 kB, 22.03.2017)Wüest und Partner AG, im Auftrag des BFE
Last modification 29.08.2017