Emissions trading

Emissions trading makes it possible to reduce emissions where it costs the least to do so. In this way, climate protection goals can be achieved cost-effectively. In particular, companies and specialized dealers trade in emission allowances and emission reduction certificates.

Swiss emission trading scheme for companies

Large, greenhouse gas-intensive companies are required to participate in emissions trading, while medium-sized companies may participate voluntarily. Companies that participate in the emissions trading scheme (ETS) are exempted from the CO2 levy.

Linking with the EU ETS

Linking the Swiss emissions trading scheme with that of the EU would be beneficial for both environmental policy and the economy. An Agreement to this end was signed in Bern on 23 November 2017. It was approved by the Swiss Parliament on 22 March 2019 and was ratified by Switzerland and the EU in December 2019. The Agreement enters into force on 1 January 2020.

ETS for aircraft operators

The integration of greenhouse gas emissions from the aviation sector into the emissions trading scheme (ETS) is a necessary step in order to link the Swiss and European schemes. Acquisition of tonne-kilometre data will take place from 1 January to 31 December 2018.

The Swiss Emissions Trading Registry (EHR)

Emission allowances, emission reduction certificates and attestations from Switzerland and companies that participate in emissions trading can be recorded in the Swiss Emissions Trading Registry.

Project-based mechanisms

The flexibility mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol enable developed countries and companies to allocate emission reductions achieved abroad to their emission reduction targets.

Further information

Last modification 28.09.2018

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