Indicator biodiversity

Area reserved for promoting biodiversity

Extensively farmed areas like meadows and pastures, bedding meadows, coppices and fallow strips sown with wild flowers qualify as area reserved for promoting biodiversity. Areas reserved for promoting biodiversity offer animals and plants niches for survival in agricultural areas. They contribute to the conservation of species diversity in that they enable threatened species to spread again. They also increase landscape diversity and conserve elements of the historic cultural landscape.

Farmers can claim direct payments for these areas if they account for at least 7% of the agriculturally productive area. They can also claim additional quality-based contributions for areas reserved for promoting biodiversity, on which certain indicator plants grow. Further measures for the promotion of biodiversity in agricultural area include habitat connectivity projects.

Assessment of the state
poor poor
Assessment of the trend
positive positive
 QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2017: 66.2452 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2017: 99  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2016: 60.6267 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2016: 103.6733  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2015: 56.385 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2015: 104.715  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2014: 51.8643 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2014: 102.0357  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2013: 42.8745 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2013: 98.6255  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2012: 39.8871 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2012: 94.4129  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2011: 35.2029 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2011: 94.6971  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2010: 33.178 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2010: 92.022  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2009: 30.4296 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2009: 92.2704  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2008: 28.2744 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2008: 94.1256  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2007: 24.6432 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2007: 96.1568  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2006: 24.0798 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2006: 95.7202  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2005: 28.152 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2005: 89.148  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2004: 25.636 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2004: 90.364  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2003: 23.3964 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2003: 93.0036  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2002: 12.628 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2002: 102.172  QII: Basic requirement + special biological quality, without standard trees 2001: 1.5638 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2001: 110.1362 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 2000: 110.4 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1999: 107.2 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1998: 89 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1997: 85.9 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1996: 74.9 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1995: 58.7 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1994: 54.7 QI: Basic requirement, without standard trees 1993: 19.3
Biodiversity priority areas (before 1999: only areas entitled to contributions)

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: Federal Office for Agriculture : Agricultural Report
Comment

While the area reserved for promoting biodiversity (up to 2012: ecological compensation areas) barely increased in size between 2000 and 2010, they have been growing at a satisfactory rate since 2011. In 2017,  they accounted for an average of 15,8% (6,3% for quality II) of the total agriculturally productive area (not including summer grazing regions).

However, certain regions show fairly large deficiencies, especially in the buffer strips around protected natural zones. Furthermore, most of the areas reserved for promoting biodiversity do not yet have the ecological quality required or have not yet been established at the appropriate place. There are also deficiencies in the connectivity of the areas. The proportion of areas reserved for promoting biodiversity with quality level II and interconnected areas reserved for promoting biodiversity continues to grow but still remains low. They make up only around 1% of the lands where crop rotation is practised.  To enable the re-establishment of threatened species and prevent the loss of species, efforts must be continued and additional measures implemented.

Method

The data from the agricultural operations are surveyed jointly by the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG) and the Federal Statistical Office (FSO). The data on the areas reserved for promoting biodiversity (former biodiversity compensation areas in accordance with the new Agriculture Policy for 2014-2017) are recorded in the process. The survey is based on standardised forms, which must be completed by farmers. Their responses, which relate to the deadline in early May, are checked by the federal authorities and cantons and managed in the FOAG’s central database.

Basis for assessment of the trend
Targeted trend Initial value Final value Variation in % Observed trend Assessment
Growth Average 2000-2002 Average 2015-2017 45.64% Growth positive
 
Last updated on: 31.01.2020

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