Indicator major accidents

Non-critical risks to persons and the environment related to the transport of hazardous goods

Exceptional events during the transportation of hazardous goods on transport routes or in pipeline systems (e.g. accidents) can result in substance releases (major accidents). The fires, explosions or substance releases that may occur as a result of such events can cause injury and fatalities or environmental damage. The indicator represents the risk situation for all transportation modes.

Assessment of the state
medium medium
Assessment of the trend
unsatisfactory unsatisfactory
Classified in the risk category: unacceptable 2017: 195.3 Classified in the risk category: upper transition area 2017: 796.7 Classified in the risk category: lower transition area 2017: 1305.6 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2017: 1366.2 Classified in the risk category: unacceptable 2014: 0 Classified in the risk category: upper transition area 2014: 10 Classified in the risk category: lower transition area 2014: 118 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2014: 3135 Classified in the risk category: unacceptable 2011: 0 Classified in the risk category: upper transition area 2011: 8.4 Classified in the risk category: lower transition area 2011: 60 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2011: 3196 Classified in the risk category: unacceptable 2006: 0 Classified in the risk category: upper transition area 2006: 48 Classified in the risk category: lower transition area 2006: 531 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2006: 2892 Classified in the risk category: unacceptable 2001: 135 Classified in the risk category: upper transition area 2001: 0 Classified in the risk category: lower transition area 2001: 1169 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2001: 2301
2001 - 2014 rail only, 2017 including roads and Rhine, but not yet pipelines

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: Rail: Swiss Federal Railways, BLS Lötschbergbahn; Roads: Federal Roads Office, cantons; Rhine: cantons of Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft and Aargau; Pipelines: Swiss Federal Office of Energy
Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2018: 80 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2017: 80 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2014: 100 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2011: 100 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2006: 99 Classified in the risk category: acceptable 2001: 96
Rail: Swiss Federal Railways, BLS Lötschbergbahn; Roads: Federal Roads Office, cantons; Rhine: cantons of Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft and Aargau; Pipelines: Swiss Federal Office of Energy

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: 2001 - 2014 rail only, 2017 including roads and Rhine, but not yet pipelines
Comment

The first survey, conducted in 2001, was limited to rail transport. Since 2017 the roads, the Rhine and environmental risks have been included. It will also cover transport by pipeline from 2022. Due to the increasing density of development along railway installations, risks are tending to rise, as evidenced by the survey (see Screening Personenrisiken 2014 (BAV). For this reason, the trend is assessed as unsatisfactory.

The first survey of environmental risks revealed that some sections present unacceptable risks. These will now need rehabilitation using the cost-benefit approach recently introduced into the assessment criteria of the Major Accidents Ordinance (MAO). The state is therefore assessed as moderate.

International comparison

The indicator is not comparable at international level, since other countries do not have a comparable major accident prevention system for transport infrastructure.

Method

The risks are determined and assessed using the screening methods developed jointly by the enforcement authorities and the FOEN (see statutory guidelines to the MAO) and based on the 2018 risk assessment for the Rhine.

 
Last updated on: 18.11.2019

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