Indicator biotechnology

Activities in contained systems

Genetically modified, pathogenic and alien organisms are often used in research, such as in the development of new drugs. Since this research takes place in laboratories, greenhouses or production facilities, and the organisms are not released into the environment, they are referred to as activities in contained systems. These activities are carried out under strict safety precautions depending on the risk of the activity, so that the risk of organisms entering the environment is minimal. The number of new notifications of such activities submitted per year is a measure of Switzerland’s attractiveness as a location for research, as well as the number of organisms used in contained systems.

Assessment of the state
impossible to evaluate impossible to evaluate
Assessment of the trend
impossible to evaluate impossible to evaluate
Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2017: 77 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2016: 70 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2015: 58 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2014: 46 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2013: 32 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2012: 7 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2011: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2010: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2009: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2008: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2007: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2006: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2005: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2004: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2003: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2002: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2001: 0 Activities involving the use of alien organisms 2000: 0 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2017: 2194 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2016: 2002 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2015: 1820 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2014: 1723 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2013: 1626 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2012: 1540 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2011: 1525 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2010: 1703 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2009: 1588 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2008: 1507 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2007: 1398 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2006: 1215 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2005: 1066 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2004: 913 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2003: 788 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2002: 590 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2001: 427 Activities involving the use of pathogenic organisms (POs) 2000: 222 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2017: 1573 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2016: 1410 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2015: 1285 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2014: 1211 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2013: 1170 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2012: 1533 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2011: 1648 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2010: 2047 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2009: 1992 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2008: 1903 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2007: 1770 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2006: 1504 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2005: 1325 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2004: 1166 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2003: 1017 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2002: 780 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2001: 578 Activities involving the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* 2000: 275
* From 2013, all new Class 1 reports (activities involving no or negligeable risk) are summarised in general reports

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: Federal Office for the Environment: ecogen
Comment

Growth is generally considered to be desirable as it reflects the attractiveness of Switzerland as a location for research. Nevertheless, such a progression goes hand in hand with a growing use of genetically modified, pathogenic or alien organisms, and thus an increased risk of these organisms being released into the environment. However, as this risk has been held in check by security measures, we will not evaluate the current state or the development of this indicator.

International comparison

Comparable with European reporting procedures under Council Directive 98/81/EC for GMOs.

Method

Activities using genetically modified, pathogenic or alien organisms in contained systems require notification or a licence, in accordance with the Containment Ordinance. Submissions to the authorities are managed centrally by the FOEN (Federal Coordination Centre for Biotechnology) in the ECOGEN database.

 
Last updated on: 13.11.2018

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