Indicator Climate

Topic Core indicator DPSIR Main topic
Climate Pressures

CO2 Emissions from thermal and motor fuels

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main man-made greenhouse gas. It is generated primarily when fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas (thermal fuels) or petrol and diesel (motor fuels) are burnt.

Assessment of the state
medium medium
Assessment of the trend
unsatisfactory unsatisfactory
CO2 Emissions

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: FOEN
CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2022: 120 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2021: 96 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2020: 96 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2019: 96 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2018: 96 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2017: 84 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2016: 84 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2015: 60 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2014: 60 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2013: 36 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2012: 36 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2011: 36 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2010: 36 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2009: 12 CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels 2008: 12

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: BAFU
Comment

The CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels is an important instrument for achieving international and national emissions targets. The CO2 levy rate is raised when degree-day-adjusted CO2 emissions from thermal fuels exceed the stipulated threshold values. This way, the CO2 levy was raised in January 2014 from 36 to 60 francs per ton of CO2, in January 2016 to 84 francs per ton of CO2, in January 2018 to 96 francs per ton of CO2 and in January 2022 to 120 francs per ton of CO2. At the moment, legislation does not foresee to further increase the CO2 levy.

In 2021, the degree-day-adjusted CO2 emissions from thermal fuels decreased once again. Compared to 1990, the emissions decreased by 32.8 percent, compared to the previous year the decrease amounts to 2.3 percent. This reduction can, to a large degree, be attributed to increased energy efficiency in buildings and an increased use of renewable energy for heating.

In 2021, CO2 emissions from motor flues increased by 1.5 percent compared to the previous year. The emissions are, however, still clearly lower than the values from 2019, before the Covid-19 pandemic. Compared to the 1990 level, the emissions decreased by a total of 4.2 percent. The fact that the emissions did not increase more strongly is, apart from the Covid-19 pandemic, in part due to the increased share of electromobility in road traffic.

The state is evaluated as medium and the development as unsatisfactory.

International comparison

CO2 emissions based on CO2 statistics make up only a portion of the greenhouse gas emissions that are reported in accordance with the CO2 Act, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. For an international comparison, please refer to the “Greenhouse gas emissions per inhabitant” indicator. 

Method

The energy-related CO2 emissions based on CO2 statistics listed here include all CO2 emissions from motor fuels and from thermal fuels subject to the CO2 levy and are corrected for weather conditions.
 
Energy-related CO2 emissions based on CO2 statistics are calculated by adding up the individual emissions from fossil motor and thermal fuels. These are calculated as follows: emission = annual activity * emission factor. The annual activity rate captures the magnitude of an activity, which in this case is the annual consumption of a thermal fuel (e.g. heating oil, natural gas) or a motor fuel (e.g. diesel oil, gasoline, kerosene, aviation gasoline). In this calculation, an adjustment for degree days and solar radiation is made for the thermal fuel emissions in order to account for the influence of fluctuations in weather conditions. Source: Overall energy statistics (Swiss Federal Office of Energy).
 
The full time series is recalculated in the event of changes to the methodology, improvements to the available source data or retrospective corrections of error.

 
Last updated on: 11.07.2022

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