CO2 Emissions from thermal and motor fuels
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main greenhouse gas. It is generated primarily when fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas (thermal fuels) or petrol and diesel (motor fuels) are burnt. Once the correction for weather conditions is made to the CO2 emissions from thermal fuels, it is immediately clear whether the threshold values for raising the CO2 levy rate have been exceeded or not.
The CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels is an important instrument for achieving international and national emissions targets. The CO2 levy rate is raised when degree-day-adjusted CO2 emissions from thermal fuels exceed the stipulated threshold values.
CO2 emissions from thermal fuels in 2016 sank to 74.9% of emissions in 1990. This reduction in CO2 emissions was insufficient to reach the threshold value of 73%. Therefore, since 1 January 2018, the CO2 levy has been at 96 CHF per tonne of CO2 (Graph "CO2 Levy").
In 2019 the CO2 emissions from combustible fuels were reduced to 70.1% of emissions in 1990. Regarding the emissions from motor fuels, they still amount to 102.9% of 1990 emission levels, despite a slight decrease since 2008. The state is therefore evaluated as medium and the development as unsatisfactory.
CO2 emissions based on CO2 statistics make up only a portion of the greenhouse gas emissions that are reported in accordance with the revised CO2 Act and the Kyoto Protocol. For an international comparison, please refer to the “CO2 emissions per inhabitant” indicator.
The energy-related CO2 emissions based on CO2 statistics listed here include all CO2 emissions from motor fuels and from thermal fuels subject to the CO2 levy and are corrected for weather conditions.
Energy-related CO2 emissions based on CO2 statistics are calculated by adding up the individual emissions from fossil motor and thermal fuels. These are calculated as follows: emission = annual activity * emission factor. The annual activity rate captures the magnitude of an activity, which in this case is the annual consumption of a thermal fuel (e.g. heating oil, natural gas) or a motor fuel (e.g. diesel oil, gasoline, kerosene, aviation gasoline). In this calculation, an adjustment for degree days and solar radiation is made for the thermal fuel emissions in order to account for the influence of fluctuations in weather conditions. Source: Overall energy statistics (Swiss Federal Office of Energy).
The full time series is recalculated in the event of changes to the methodology, improvements to the available source data or retrospective corrections of error.