CO2 emissions of new cars
The volume of road traffic is growing constantly. There is, at the same time, a major potential to reduce the CO2 emissions of road traffic by deploying more efficient vehicles. The indicator shows how the average CO2 emissions per kilometer of newly registered passenger cars are developing. It also allows us to determine if the target for 2020, set in the CO2 Act at 95g CO2/km, can be reached.
Fuel consumption and thus the average CO2- emissions of of newly registered passenger cars have been dropping slightly since 1996, which is essentially a positive finding. However, the target for 2015 (130g CO2/km) couldn't be achieved. Furthermore, if the rate of progress observed between 1996 and today is maintained, it will not be possible to attain the target of 95g CO2/km for 2020. For this reason the state is rated negatively and the trend is evaluated as unsatisfactory.
The positive effect of the falling CO2 emissions of newly registered passenger cars is largely offset by the growth in road traffic. Road traffic emissions are now higher than 1990 levels, but have stabilised in recent years. Private vehicles account for around 20% of greenhouse gas emissions in Switzerland.
- Related indicators
- Motorised passenger transport
The indicator is also used in other international indicator systems such as that of the European Environment Agency EEA. However, it must be kept in mind when making comparisons with neighbouring countries that in some countries consumption figures do not include consumption by off-road vehicles and generally comprise a substantially higher proportion of diesel fuel. Only a limited international comparison can therefore be made. Nonetheless, it can generally be stated that, across Europe, Switzerland’s fleet of newly registered passenger cars has the highest average CO2 emissions per kilometre.
The number of new cars is based on MOFIS data, which are evaluated and compiled by “auto-schweiz”. The survey commissioned by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) and conducted by auto-schweiz looks at fuel consumption, from which CO2 emissions can be derived. Vehicles that run on alternative fuels are also surveyed (share of total new vehicle fleet: <3%).
|Targeted trend||Initial value||Final value||Deviation from theoretical path in%||Observed trend||Assessment|
|95 g CO2/km in 2020||2005||2018||62.60%||Towards theoretical path||unsatisfactory|