Indicator air

Particulate matter emissions

"Particulate matter" (PM10) refers to particles less than 10 micrometres in diameter. PM10 is a physico-chemically complex composite. It is formed in industrial and commercial production processes, combustion processes, mechanical processes (abrasion, whirling-up) and through secondary formation (from sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ammonia, and volatile organic compounds). PM10 is very diverse in terms of composition and may contain heavy metals, sulphate, nitrate, ammonium, organic carbon, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or dioxins/furans. PM10 causes disorders of the respiratory tract and cardiovascular system and increases the cancer risk and mortality rate.

PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2017: 15.2452728164997 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2016: 15.175324721228 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2015: 15.0725502631906 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2014: 15.2050460515462 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2013: 15.8718942980726 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2012: 15.9223984280038 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2011: 15.9265633824027 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2010: 16.3992738844039 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2009: 16.3794954644184 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2008: 16.7431460236262 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2007: 16.8950103599646 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2006: 17.1556391529928 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2005: 17.337732948504 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2004: 17.4634686032728 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2003: 17.9183715560984 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2002: 18.0439964409569 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2001: 18.3306931643633 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 2000: 18.6283655488498 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1999: 19.2269061466445 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1998: 20.1048199131496 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1997: 21.5008362483679 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1996: 21.8112245395805 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1995: 22.0387026181894 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1994: 22.6941010623146 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1993: 23.389793692894 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1992: 23.997788743119 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1991: 24.564543574884 PM10 Emissionen (territorial) 1990: 25.1628935980375

Data for the graph: Excel
Source: FOEN

Emissions of particulate matter have been steadily declining since 1990, but the current levels of PM10 are still causing respiratory tract and cardiovascular disorders and increased rates of mortality. Further measures to reduce PM10 emissions (e.g. applying the "best available technology" standard to vehicles, industrial and agricultural equipment, and heat generators) are therefore necessary.


Emissions are determined by multiplying the annual human activity rates by pollutant-specific emission factors. Data are gathered by means of surveys, modelling and calculations.

Last updated on: 27.05.2019

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