Switzerland collaborates closely with the European Union (EU) on environmental matters. It has been a member of the European Environment Agency since 1 April 2006 and has succeeded in consolidating its relations with the EU in various sectors. Switzerland's environmental legislation has already been harmonised with EU regulations to a significant extent in a number of sectors.
One of the goals that the international community set itself in the various multilateral environmental agreements is to contribute to the resolution of global environmental problems. However, developing countries often lack the resources necessary to do this. Switzerland supports the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements and measures in favour of the global environment through its environmental financing and contributions to environmental funds.
The OECD is an intergovernmental organisation whose 34 member countries share a commitment to democracy and the market economy. Its mission is to support sustainable economic growth, to boost employment and to raise living standards, while maintaining financial stability.
The UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), which was established in 1947 by the Economic and Social Council, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations. Its main objective is to promote economic integration, cooperation and sustainable development in the 56 member countries located in the UNECE region (Western Europe, South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Turkey and Israel). Many international and non-governmental organisations also participate in the work of the UNECE.
The FOEN raises issues of concern to Switzerland in the context of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), particularly in the following priority areas: the strengthening of UNEP as a central pillar of the global environmental regime, chemicals and waste, the implementation of environmental conventions, the closing of gaps in international regulations, monitoring and assessment, as well as the implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).