Nutrition is one of the three consumption an production sectors with the greatest impact on the environment - after housing and before mobility.


Two-thirds of the environmental impact of Switzerland (within its borders and outside) stems from nutrition, housing and mobility. Therefore, environmental policy needs to address these areas. However, there are no easy universal solutions. Instead, a differentiated view of the system, which takes into account the interaction of values, lifestyles, social structures, markets, technologies, products and infrastructures, is necessary.

In brief

The food consumed in Switzerland is produced in increasingly globally oriented production chains, where imported food, animal feed and production resources play an important role. This relocates a considerable portion of the environmental impact abroad. Site-adapted agriculture and moderate diets with a higher share of plant-based food can help significantly reduce the environmental impact.


What impact does nutrition have on the environment in Switzerland? Effects of nutrition on air, water, climate, soil, biodiversity, landscape, biosafety, waste and raw materials.


The FOEN is required by law to examine the impacts of agriculture on the environment, report on them and propose solutions. Furthermore, the Green Economy Action Plan contains various measures in the area of consumption and production of food.

ernhärung, alimentation, alimentazione

Umwelt Schweiz: Heute anpacken für die Schweiz von morgen

Only available in german, french and italian.

Last modification 18.11.2022

Top of page