Bilateral climate agreements

Bilateral agreements on emission reductions and carbon storage abroad

Under the Paris Agreement, Switzerland has committed to halving its emissions from 1990 levels by 2030 (Nationally Determined Contribution, NDC). This is to be achieved in part by funding climate protection projects abroad. Such bilateral or plurilateral cooperation is envisaged under Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement. To this end, Switzerland is concluding a number of bilateral treaties, which set the cooperation framework and state the requirements for recognition of the international transfer of emission reductions by the treaty parties. These agreements thus establish a legal basis for commercial contracts between buyers and sellers of emission reductions. Interested countries or stakeholders can contact the Federal Office for the Environment at The projects authorised under the bilateral agreements can be found here.

Switzerland intends to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050. For hard-to-cut emissions, the Federal Council's long-term climate strategy and its report proposes the use of carbon capture and storage (CCS) and negative emission technologies (NET) (CO2 capture, removal and storage). Switzerland intends to cooperate with various countries in this respect. International agreements will thus establish the framework for carbon storage abroad to be counted towards Switzerland's climate target.

Treaties under Article 6.2 (Paris Agreement)

Agreement with the Republic of Peru

Agreement with the Republic of Ghana

Agreement with the Republic of Senegal

Agreement with Georgia

Agreement with the Republic of Vanuatu

Agreement with the Commonwealth of Dominica

Agreement with the Kingdom of Thailand

Agreement with Ukraine

Accord de mise en œuvre de l’Accord de Paris entre la
Confédération suisse et le Royaume du Maroc

Agreement with the Republic of Malawi

Agreement with the Republic of Uruguay

Agreement with the Republic of Chile

Statement of Intent on a Bilateral Cooperation under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement between the Swiss Federal Council and the Government of the Republic of Kenya

Agreement with the Republic of Tunisia

International CCS and NET agreements

Declaration of Intent with Norway

Memorandum of Understanding with Sweden

Joint Declaration of Intent with Iceland

Memorandum of Understanding with the Netherlands

Last modification 14.05.2024

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