Bilateral climate agreements

Bilateral agreements on emission reductions and carbon storage abroad

Under the Paris Agreement, Switzerland has committed to halving its emissions from 1990 levels by 2030 (Nationally Determined Contribution, NDC). This is to be achieved in part by funding climate protection projects abroad. Such bilateral or plurilateral cooperation is envisaged under Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement. To this end, Switzerland is concluding a number of bilateral treaties, which set the cooperation framework and state the requirements for recognition of the international transfer of emission reductions by the treaty parties. These agreements thus establish a legal basis for commercial contracts between buyers and sellers of emission reductions. Interested countries or stakeholders can contact the Federal Office for the Environment at

Switzerland intends to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050. For hard-to-cut emissions, the Federal Council's long-term climate strategy proposes the use of carbon capture and storage (CCS) and negative emission technologies (NET). Switzerland intends to cooperate with various countries in this respect. International agreements will thus establish the legal framework for carbon storage abroad to be counted towards Switzerland's climate target.

Treaties under Article 6.2 (Paris Agreement)

Agreement with the Republic of Peru

Agreement with the Republic of Ghana

Agreement with the Republic of Senegal

Agreement with Georgia

Agreement with the Republic of Vanuatu

Agreement with the Commonwealth of Dominica

Agreement with the Kingdom of Thailand

Agreement with Ukraine

Accord de mise en œuvre de l’Accord de Paris entre la
Confédération suisse et le Royaume du Maroc

Agreement with the Republic of Malawi

Agreement with the Republic of Uruguay

Joint Declaration with the Republic of Chile

International CCS and NET agreements

Joint Declaration of Intent with Iceland

Memorandum of Understanding with the Netherlands

Last modification 23.01.2023

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