Importers of fossil motor fuels are required to compensate a certain amount of the CO2 emissions caused by transport. They may carry out their own projects or acquire attestations.
CO2 emissions from fossil motor fuels must be partially offset. Importers of petrol, diesel, natural gas and kerosene that exceed the threshold of 1,000 t CO2 are required to compensate for their emissions. They may group together to form compensation pools. Compensation costs may not exceed 5 centimes per litre of motor fuel.
Compensations carried out by 2021
The proportion of CO2 emissions from transport to be offset (compensation rate) is defined in the CO2 Ordinance as follows:
- 2 % for 2014 and 2015
- 5 % for 2016 and 2017
- 8 % for 2018 and 2019
- 10 % for 2020
- 12 % for 2021.
The compensation rate of 12% is likely to equate to an absolute reduction of 1.8 million t of CO2. Importers with an obligation to compensate have several options available:
- Issuance of attestations for compensation projects in Switzerland;
- Issuance of attestations for over-fulfilment by companies with a reduction commitment (for exemption from the CO2 levy) or a target agreement with the federal government.
The total revision of the CO2 Act provides for a compensation rate of up to 90 %. At least 15 %, rising to at least 20 % in 2025, must be offset with domestic reductions. Furthermore, at least 3 % must be offset with transport measures through the promotion of alternative drive technologies and sustainable fuels.
Last modification 30.12.2020